Hemorrhoids Surgery: Aftercare Tips
Hemorrhoids surgery is a type of procedure designed to treat hemorrhoids, which are swollen veins found in the rectal area. Hemorrhoids can be either internal, located inside the rectum, or external, located around the anus.
In most cases, hemorrhoids will disappear within two weeks without requiring any particular treatment. However, if they become too irritated, infected or if there are complications, hemorrhoids surgery may be necessary.
The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons (ASCRS) estimates that less than 10 percent of hemorrhoid cases require surgery. Hemorrhoids surgery is usually done as an outpatient procedure, meaning you can leave the hospital the same day.
During the procedure, the surgeon will remove the hemorrhoids and the tissue around them. Depending on the type of surgery and the severity of the hemorrhoids, the surgery can take anywhere from 15 minutes to an hour.
The most common type of hemorrhoid surgery is a hemorrhoidectomy, which involves removing the entire hemorrhoid and the surrounding tissue. This is usually done as an open surgery, meaning the affected area is cut open, the hemorrhoid removed and the wound stitched closed.
In some cases, a less invasive procedure called sclerotherapy may be done. This involves injecting a chemical solution into the hemorrhoid to make it shrink. This procedure is usually done in an outpatient setting and requires no overnight hospital stay.
Recovery time for hemorrhoid surgery varies depending on the type of procedure and the severity of the hemorrhoids. After surgery, you can expect to see fewer symptoms and less discomfort.
However, some patients may experience some mild discomfort and irritation for a few weeks or months afterward. It is important to consult with your doctor to discuss any risks associated with hemorrhoid surgery and to determine the right treatment plan for you.
Aftercare for Hemorrhoid Surgery
If you’ve recently had hemorrhoid surgery, you may be experiencing some pain and discomfort. Aftercare is essential to help make the recovery process as smooth as possible. Here are some medications and other treatments you can use to help reduce your pain and speed up your recovery.
Your doctor will probably prescribe painkillers to help ease discomfort. These may include opioids like oxycodone, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen, and Ativan, a spasm-reducing medication. Make sure to follow your doctor’s instructions when taking any of these medications.
Non Pharmaceutical Treatments
In addition to medications, there are several non pharmaceutical treatments that you can use to help with your recovery. Here are a few you can try:
Applying an ice pack to your affected area can help reduce swelling and pain. You can also try alternating between hot and cold compresses.
A sitz bath is a shallow warm bath that can help reduce inflammation and itching. You can buy a sitz bath basin online or at a local medical supply store.
Eating a high-fiber diet can help reduce constipation, which can make your recovery more comfortable. Make sure to drink plenty of water too.
Gentle exercises like walking and stretching can help improve your circulation. When exercising, make sure to avoid strenuous activities that could cause pain.
These are just a few tips that can help you in your recovery. Make sure to contact your doctor if you have any questions or concerns about your aftercare. With the right treatments and lifestyle changes, you can make sure that your recovery is as smooth and pain-free as possible.